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USA - St Louis, Missouri

Named in honour of King Louis IX of France, known as Saint Louis

The city of St. Louis was founded in 1764 by Pierre Laclède and Auguste Chouteau, and named in honour of King Louis IX of France, known as Saint Louis.

The early French families built the city's economy on the fur trade. From 1764 to 1803 European control of the area west of the Mississippi to the northernmost part of the Missouri River basin, called Louisiana, was assumed by the Spanish as part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain.

However, St. Louis was transferred to the Republic of France in 1800, then sold to the United States in 1803 as part of the Louisiana Purchase. The city became the territorial capital and gateway to the western territory. Many explorers, settlers and trappers would take this route to ‘open up’ the West.

Architectural influences reflected in the area include French Colonial, German, early American, and modern architectural styles. St. Louis is known for the Gateway Arch, the tallest monument constructed in the USA at 630 feet. The Arch pays homage to Thomas Jefferson and St. Louis' position as the gateway to the West.

Saint Louis cuisine has a rich history and broad range of influences. It consists most obviously of Italian, German, Irish, and French influences, but includes many essentially American contributions and many contributions to food nationally, even globally.

The colloquially referred to 'St. Louis World's Fair' in 1904 is allegedly famous for originating, or more often introducing to the world, a great many foods that have worldwide popularity today, including:
- the ice cream cone
- hot dogs
- iced tea
- candy floss
- the hamburger

It is said that the Fair also introduced the phrase 'an apple a day keeps the doctor away'.

Must have been some event!

The Chaîne in the USA has a local Bailliage in Saint Louis under the leadership of Bailli Linda McGovern. Linda is a Certified Sommelier and a Certified Specialist of Wine. An enthusisatic group with a varied programme of dining and cultural events, the Bailliage counts among its Professional members Anthony Devoti of the outstanding Five Bistro, and Bernard Pilon Executive Chef of Norwood Hill Country Club (the premier golfing and private event destination in St. Louis).

Among the many places named after the King and the Saint are:
- Canada: Lake Saint-Louis in Quebec
- France: Saint-Louis in Alsace
- India: rue Saint Louis in Puducherry (formerly Pondicherry)
- Mexico: San Luis Potosí
- Senegal: Saint-Louis
- USA: San Luis, Arizona; San Luis, Colorado; St. Louis, Michigan

Left to right: Saint-Louis (Alsace, France) - town sign; St. Louis (Michigan, USA) - sign; San Luis Potosí (Mexico) - statue of Saint Louis